Common fertility tests for men and women

More and more couples are being faced by infertility issues due to various factors. Most infertility issues can be easily resolved by simple procedures. To determine the cause of infertility and prescribe treatment, you may have to take some tests as detailed below:

Male Fertility tests

Hormone testing -Hormones, especially testosterone, play a vital role in regulating the male reproductive system. Any abnormalities in the regulation of testosterone or any other hormones could result in fertility issues. A blood test helps to analyze and evaluate hormonal levels in the blood.

Genetic tests -If your doctor suspects that there is an underlying genetic cause contributing to low sperm count in the semen, this test may be prescribed. In this infertility test, a sample of your blood will be testedto detect if there is any abnormality in the chromosomes or the DNA that could cause infertility.

Urinalysis – Retrograde ejaculation is a condition wherein sperms travel to the bladder rather than coming out. A urine test is conducted to check for presence of sperm in the urine.

Specialised sperm function tests – Various types of fertility testing procedures are conducted to check for the survival rate of sperms, ability to penetrate and attach to the egg.

Ultrasonography – An ultrasonography test on the scrotum helps detect if there is any obstruction in the testicles. This test also helps check for the presence of any sort of abnormalities or varicocele in the reproductive system.

Testicular biopsy -In this infertility test, a sample of the cells from the testicles is collected and tests are run on it to assess if there are any issues in the sperm production process.

Female Fertility tests
CCCT (Clomiphene Citrate Challenge Test)-A CCCT helps determine your ovarian reserve. An ovarian reserve helps your doctor assess your ability to conceive. In this infertility test your doctor will first measure the FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and estradiol levels on the third day of your menstrual cycle. You will then be asked to take clomiphene citrate from the fifth to the ninth day of your menstrual cycle. On the tenth day of your menstrual cycle, your doctor will again measure your FSH and estradiol.

HSG (Hysterosalpingogram) – In this fertility test for women, an x-ray is conducted to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes. This test helps blocked tubes which is a common cause of infertility. An HSG also helps in detecting if there are any urine abnormalities, polyps, fibroids, or scar tissue. This process could sometimes cause mild cramping.

Laparoscopy -If your doctor suspects that pelvic abnormalities is the cause of infertility, a laparoscopy may be recommended. Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery which uses a small fibre optic telescope called a laparoscope. During the procedure, the laparoscope is inserted into your abdomen. Small incisions are made to inspect the fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries. If any abnormalities such as blockage or scar tissue is noticed, the same is treated.

These are some fertility tests for men and women.Most of these tests are virtually painless and don’t consume much time. If you are being faced with infertility issues, it is advisable to visit a reputed fertility centre and get tested.

vidyasubramania is a medical student and a writer at heart. In her spare time, she writes articles on various medical areas to create awareness. In this article, she details some fertility testing procedures for both, men and women.

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